Version: WCAG 2.1+
Number: 2.1.4
Level: A
  • Buttons
  • Custom Controls
  • Inputs

If a keyboard shortcut is implemented in content using only letter (including upper- and lower-case letters), punctuation, number, or symbol characters, then at least one of the following is true:

Turn off

A mechanism is available to turn the shortcut off;


A mechanism is available to remap the shortcut to include one or more non-printable keyboard keys (e.g., Ctrl, Alt);

Active only on focus

The keyboard shortcut for a user interface component is only active when that component has focus.



The purpose of this success criterion is to ensure that shortcut keys do not interfere with keyboard users' ability to carry out other actions.

How to Meet

Authors should ensure that all shortcut keys consist of at least one non-printing character (e.g., the control or shift keys).

When this is not possible, users must be able to turn off or remap the shortcuts so they do not interfere with other keyboard functionality, or the shortcut must only be active when the interface it controls has focus.

Additional Information

The following knowledge base pages provide more information about how to address this success criterion for publishing content: