About

Version: WCAG 2.0+
Number: 3.3.2
Level: A
Applicability:
  • Form Inputs
Requirement:

Labels or instructions are provided when content requires user input.

Guidance:

Purpose

The purpose of this success criterion is to ensure that all form inputs are labelled or have instructions that allow users to understand what information is expected or is being set.

How to Meet

Authors should ensure that all form input fields are clearly labelled so the information the user needs to input or select from can be understood (e.g., using the label element, or the aria-label or aria-labelledby attributes).

For example, a date field should not provide three unlabelled selection boxes for the date, month, and year, as it requires users to inspect the values of each to determine which field is which.

Labelling also applies to items like checkboxes and radio buttons. The labels for these should clearly indicate what option the user is selecting.

If the input is restricted (for example, it must match a specific pattern or be within a set range), authors also need to provide clear instructions to users about these expectations.

Additional Information

The following knowledge base pages provide more information about how to address this success criterion for publishing content: