Version: WCAG 2.0 and up
Number: 3.2.3
Level: AA
  • Navigation

Navigational mechanisms that are repeated on multiple Web pages within a set of Web pages occur in the same relative order each time they are repeated, unless a change is initiated by the user.



The purpose of this success criterion is to provide consistency in how users encounter repeated navigation content so that users can predict where the navigation information is and what they will have access to.

How to Meet

This success criterion is generally not applicable to publications, as publications rarely have repeated navigation features at the top of each document like web sites do.

If this situation does arise in a publication, authors need to ensure that the navigation aids do not change order or position from document to document.

Additional Information

The knowledge base does not currently include information on consistent navigation due to the lack of applicability to publishing formats. Refer to the WCAG guidance documents for additional information.